On June 29, 2021, Rosatom issued its 2020 Annual Report. According to the report, Rosatom received a warning on the ISIS* plans to acquire radioactive sources handled at Russian sites in 2020. The warning was received from the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which in turn received a "non-official" document containing such a warning from the US Embassy in Moscow.
Following the warning, all Russian operators of sites handling radioactive material and associated facilities conducted unscheduled self-assessment of physical protection (PP) at sites. The assessment took place in September 2020. In addition, the operators conducted operational and functional tests of PP equipment and tests of pro-force response. The tests were conducted in cooperation with on-site pro-force and local branches of the Federal Security Service.
Results of PP status assessment, as well as tests of PP equipment and pro-force, were documented. The results showed that PP systems are ready for due response.
This case provides an example that even in the absence of full-scale cooperation Russia is willing to act on critical nuclear security information provided by other countries.
*The ISIS (Islamic State) is designated as a "terrorist" organization by the Russian Supreme Court and is banned at the territory of the Russian Federation.
1. Rosatom: ISIS Wanted to Acquire Radioactive Sources Handled in Russia
. July 9, 2021.
2. Rosatom 2020 Annual Report
. June 29, 2021 (p. 149).